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Nachhaltigkeit durch kommunale Abgaben journal article

Am Beispiel des Kampfes gegen Plastikmüll

Wolfgang Kahl

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 17 (2019), Issue 3, Page 321 - 326

Klaus Lange has made an outstanding contribution to both municipal and environmental law. Within both areas one of his main scientific interests was and still is municipal taxes and duties. The latter not only are an important instrument for the municipalities and especially their finances but also for an effective and efficient environmental policy (sustainable development). This is underlined by recent political developments such as the proposed local exercise duty on certain single-use plastic products in Tübingen. In principle, municipal taxes and duties can play a meaningful role in fighting plastic waste. Nonetheless, there are also constitutional limits to be taken into account. The following contribution looks at both – chances and limits of municipal duties in the field of waste policy.

Vertrauensschutz im Genehmigungsrecht durch Stichtagsregelungen journal article

Eine Untersuchung aus Anlass aktueller Gesetzesänderungen im Recht der Windenergieanlagen

Wolfgang Kahl, Torben Ellerbrok

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 16 (2018), Issue 1, Page 12 - 24

For over two decades, German policy makers have been driving a nationwide energy transition policy. Yet even as the country sees a massive surge in the use of renewables, particularly wind power, critics of these selfsame efforts have also grown more vocal, even among policy makers. Whether to protect the German countryside and its wildlife or to garner support amongst the public, new trends to ban the construction of wind energy plants in specific areas have emerged. Naturally, these types of legal and regulatory changes can undermine investors' confidence in the law. This paper deals with key date regulations and their constitutional requirements as a mechanism to not only protect the legitimate expectations of investors, but also to ensure the effective implementation of new regulations.

Nachhaltige und direkte Demokratie journal article

Theoretische Argumente und praktische Erfahrungen

Wolfgang Kahl

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 15 (2017), Issue 4, Page 272 - 294

The implementation of the principle of sustainable development in politics and legal acts is, at all levels, still insufficient. In this context, governmental institutions and proceedings play an essential role in alleviating this deficit of sustainability. This paper analyses whether the introduction of direct democracy on the German federal level contributes to optimise the sustainability of the political system (more precisely: of the outcomes of the latter). Therefore, it examines the major theoretical arguments (“pros and cons”) and draws comparisons to the latest practical experiences (Switzerland, German federal states) with referenda. Finally, the paper asks which concrete instruments of direct democracy are (not) recommendable as a complement to the parliamentary democratic system in Germany.