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Vertrauensschutz im Genehmigungsrecht durch Stichtagsregelungen journal article

Eine Untersuchung aus Anlass aktueller Gesetzesänderungen im Recht der Windenergieanlagen

Wolfgang Kahl, Torben Ellerbrok

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 16 (2018), Issue 1, Page 12 - 24

For over two decades, German policy makers have been driving a nationwide energy transition policy. Yet even as the country sees a massive surge in the use of renewables, particularly wind power, critics of these selfsame efforts have also grown more vocal, even among policy makers. Whether to protect the German countryside and its wildlife or to garner support amongst the public, new trends to ban the construction of wind energy plants in specific areas have emerged. Naturally, these types of legal and regulatory changes can undermine investors' confidence in the law. This paper deals with key date regulations and their constitutional requirements as a mechanism to not only protect the legitimate expectations of investors, but also to ensure the effective implementation of new regulations.

Nachhaltige und direkte Demokratie journal article

Theoretische Argumente und praktische Erfahrungen

Wolfgang Kahl

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 15 (2017), Issue 4, Page 272 - 294

The implementation of the principle of sustainable development in politics and legal acts is, at all levels, still insufficient. In this context, governmental institutions and proceedings play an essential role in alleviating this deficit of sustainability. This paper analyses whether the introduction of direct democracy on the German federal level contributes to optimise the sustainability of the political system (more precisely: of the outcomes of the latter). Therefore, it examines the major theoretical arguments (“pros and cons”) and draws comparisons to the latest practical experiences (Switzerland, German federal states) with referenda. Finally, the paper asks which concrete instruments of direct democracy are (not) recommendable as a complement to the parliamentary democratic system in Germany.

Der Grundrechtsschutz zukünftig Lebender journal article

Wolfgang Kahl

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 14 (2016), Issue 4, Page 300 - 312

From a normative point of view, neither sustainable development nor intergenerational justice in general (i.e. apart from the environmental aspect) is explicitly anchored in the German Constitution (Grundgesetz) as a legal principle or state aim. Nevertheless, future generations are not unprotected by the Constitution. This paper argues that future generations have no subjective rights, but the constitutional guarantee of fundamental rights already contains an objective legal duty (“Schutzpflicht”) of the state to protect life and health of future individuals today.