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Landesrechtliche Abweichungen von der Bundeskom­pen­sationsverordnung als föderales Verfassungsproblem journal article

Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 18 (2020), Issue 4, Page 367 - 378

In 2006, the German federalism reform has reshaped the architecture of legislative competences, which are accurately distributed between the Federation (Bund) and the constituent States (Länder). The former framework competence was abolished and replaced by a competing legislative competence of the Federation pursuant to Article 72 of the Basic Law (Grundgesetz, i.e. the Constitution). In some areas – like in nature conservation law – the constituent states can overrule federal legislation by replacing federal statutory law with state law. Recently, some constituent states moved preventively and empowered their governments to enact ordinances, outlawing future federal legislation regarding the compensation of infringements in nature and landscape, an elaborate mechanism developed by German federal law. This analysis – which is based on a legal expert opinion for the federal administration – discusses whether such preventive blanket empowerments of state governments remain within the constitutional competences vested in the states.



Umwelt-Aufklärung der Öffentlichkeit als wissenschaftliche Wahrheitspflege? journal article

Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 15 (2017), Issue 2, Page 112 - 125

In 2013, the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) published a brochure, which outlines the contemporary results of scientific research in climate change, thereby countering common arguments of climate change sceptics. The UBA explicitly named some more or less popular climate change sceptics and their publications and branded them as irrational, unscientific, and irrelevant. Their contribution to a ‘post-factual discourse’ was pseudo-science, incompatible with the overwhelming majority of scientists’ results on climate change research. Two affected journalists whose (rather bizarre) popular science publications, which argued against anthropogenic climate change, fought back and filed a lawsuit against the UBA to desist from publicly discrediting their publications. The Administrative Appeals Tribunal of Saxony-Anhalt – as court of last resort – has recently quashed the lawsuit. The court affirms that presenting the right scientific facts about climate change publicly was part of the public relations work of the agency according to statutory law. In contrast, the review essay argues that a state agency is, due to the freedom of scientific research, simply not competent to evaluate scientific truth and to denounce scientifically pariahs as charlatanry publicly and officially.




Ökoraumrecht: Umweltschutz durch rechtliche Raumstrukturierung journal article

Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 14 (2016), Issue 4, Page 290 - 299

The contribution in honour of Reiner Schmidt discusses whether there is a specific set of rules constituting a law of eco-spatial planning. Within the statutory law affecting regional planning, town and county planning, and conservation of nature, legal instruments address the structuring of space to protect the environment, the ecosystem, and the interconnection of biotopes. A coherent body of rules of eco-spatial planning requires the procedural construction of an image of ecological space.



Die Resubjektivierung der Umweltverbandsklage zwischen prozessualem Vorbehalt des Gesetzes und unionsrechtlicher Rechtsschutzeffektuierung journal article

Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 12 (2014), Issue 1, Page 39 - 44

Anmerkung zu BVerwG, Urteil vom 5.9.2013 – 7 C 21.12

Pursuant to Article 9 Para. 3 of the Aarhus Convention (AC), each Party of the Convention shall ensure that members of the public, in accordance with the criteria laid down in national law, have access to judicial procedures to challenge acts and omissions by public authorities which contravene provisions of its national law relating to the environment. In contrast to Article 9 Para. 2 AC, which grants members of the public concerne


Zeitprobleme des Umweltrechts journal article

Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht, Volume 11 (2013), Issue 1, Page 2 - 16

Traditional environmental law has a rather modest ‘concept of time’: It tries to preserve a present status of environment and copes with specific conflicts arising from competing economic or social interests in the present. But today a new concept of environmental law is rising that shifts from the solution of manageable and containable (mostly local) conflicts in the present to a holistic attempt to restructure the society to serve supposed and ra