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Teilpläne des Raumordnungsrechts

Martin Kment

Germany’s planning law is divided into different units depending on the level of abstraction and the subject matter of the plan. Spatial plans are located on the highest level within this legal structure addressing a wide range of aspects that are relevant to a bigger region or even to one of the German Länder. Developing such plans often takes time and needs sufficient resources as spatial plans could be very complex and far reaching. Sometimes spatial plans’ complexity contradicts an appropriate executive reaction towards urging problems, because urging problems usually demand for a fast planning solution that traditional spatial plans cannot provide. Therefore, § 7 ROG offers “Section-Plans” (Teilpläne) as a special form of spatial planning to concentrate the planning process on specific subjects or selected areas of a region. This article introduces the special planning instrument of “Section-Plans” and analyses the legal requirements they have to meet. Of particular interest is the relation between “Section-Plans” and “ordinary” spatial plans as well as the legal requirements the principle to weight up all involved interests (Abwägungsgebot) imposes on “Section-Plans”.

Der Verfasser ist geschäftsführender Direktor des Instituts für Umweltrecht der Universität Augsburg und Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Öffentliches Recht und Europarecht, Umweltrecht und Planungsrecht. Der vorliegende Beitrag greift Überlegungen, die der Verfasser auch im Rahmen eines Rechtsgutachtens für Bündnis 90/Die Grünen im Regionalverband Ruhr geäußert hat, auf und führt sie weiter fort.


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