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Vertragliche Instrumente gemeindlicher Wohnungspolitik

Öffentlich-rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen und Vorgaben

Martin Burgi

Housing shortage is an existential problem for both individual apartment-seekers and state and society as a whole. Some German municipalities, especially popular and highly demanded cities like Munich, use so-called “städtebauliche Verträge” (urban development agreements) under § 11 BauGB (Federal Building Code) to respond to this problem. These agreements do not underlie the review standards of GTC. The prevailing opinion is that the state may not require more obligations by agreement than by an act of public authority. The article shows that this is not the case for urban development agreements. Because of this result, the municipalities can demand a large compensation for the right to build housing units on a (former municipal) plot. Substantial absorptions of the increase in value of plots caused by the change in building potential (“Planungsgewinnabschöpfung”) are constitutional.

Prof. Dr. Martin Burgi ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Öffentliches Recht, Wirtschaftsverwaltungsrecht, Umwelt- und Sozialrecht an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Er dankt Herrn Patrick Zimmermann für die wertvolle Unterstützung.


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