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Zur Ausgestaltung eines nationalen Verbots giftiger Chemikalien bei Kunststoffen

Rechtsvergleichende und EU-rechtliche Aspekte

Jessica Stubenrauch, Felix Ekardt

In various EU Member States such as Sweden, France and Denmark, national restrictions and bans on chemicals such as microplastics, BPA and PFAS have recently been introduced. The background in each case was incomplete regulation at EU level or regulation that is only expected in the future. Based on an overview of the scientific debate, this study presents these approaches and examines their transferability to Germany. In general, this is largely the case; at least provisional measures are possible based on the various EU secondary legislation acts and Articles 114, 193 and 34 TFEU. However, in order to avoid ecologically disadvantageous substance substitutions, possible alternative and equally dangerous (or even more dangerous) substances would have to be co-regulated. In the long term, EU-wide regulations remain more effective, also because otherwise spatial shifting effects are conceivable.

Die Erstverfasserin ist im Department Umweltrecht des Helmholtz-Zentrums für Umweltforschung (UFZ) in Leipzig tätig. Der Zweitverfasser leitet die Forschungsstelle Nachhaltigkeit und Klimapolitik (Leipzig/Berlin) und lehrt an der Juristischen Fakultät der Universität Rostock. Der Beitrag beruht auf einem Gutachten, das die Forschungsstelle im Auftrag der Bundestagsfraktion von Bündnis 90/ Die Grünen erstattet hat.


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