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Bundes-Klimaschutzgesetz: Klimaschutzziele und -pläne als Herausforderung des Verwaltungsrechts

Sabine Schlacke

German climate protection law has recently undergone a paradigm shift: On 18 December 2019 the Federal Climate Protection Act came into force. At its heart is the stipulation of a nationwide climate protection goal: greenhouse gas emissions are to be reduced by at least 55 % by 2030 compared to 1990. This climate protection goal is concretised in the form of budgeting in annual emission quantities for the energy sector, industry, transport, buildings, agriculture, waste management and other sectors. Climate protection planning is to implement this climate protection goal. It is based on a climate protection plan and a climate protection programme. These new regulations raise fundamental questions for general administrative law and administrative procedural law: Can administrative law and administrative procedural law properly process the climate protection goals and climate protection planning introduced by the new Federal Climate Protection Act? In this respect, it must be clarified whether and how the new climate protection planning can be integrated into the familiar forms of administrative law. If it really is administrative planning that influences core areas of the economy, the question then arises whether this planning is compatible with the constitutional requirements for a market economy or whether, to put it provocatively, a kind of state planned economy is being introduced through the back door. In a third step, it must be examined whether climate protection targets and plans will in future have legally binding effects on the administration. Finally, the question must be answered as to which possibilities of administrative court control are opened for targets and plans.

Dr. Sabine Schlacke ist Professorin für Öffentliches Recht, insbesondere Bau-, Planungs- und Umweltrecht, geschäftsführende Direktorin des Instituts für Umwelt- und Planungsrecht (IUP) und des Zentralinstituts für Raumplanung an der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität in Münster.


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