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Schwerpunkt: Responsible Maritime Governance ∙ International Energy Law, Difficulties in Supplier-Consumer Relations and Nord StreamII as an Example

Kim Talus

This article will examine and illustrate this tension and difficult relationship between upstream producing countries and consuming countries in the downstream by using the ongoing Nord Stream 2 project as the example. Of course, as this project involves Russia and Gazprom as a supplier, the difficulties and peculiarities in the context of this project cannot only be attributed to the resources law and policy and energy law and policy distinction or normal tensions between upstream and downstream countries. They have much to do with political realities of EU-Russia relationship and more generally to both historical and current events that have nothing to do with energy or natural gas. However, at the same time, it illustrates well the difficult interaction between a natural gas supplying country and natural gas consuming country or region.

Kim Talus is the James McCulloch Chair in Energy Law and founding Director of the Tulane Center for Energy Law (Tulane Law School). He is also a Professor of European Energy Law at UEF Law School (University of Eastern Finland) and a Professor of Energy Law at Helsinki University. Kim Talus is also the Editor-in-Chief for OGEL ( He has provided legal advice on cross-border infrastructure projects, including Nord Stream 2. The author can be contacted at This article is based on the presentation at the Hamburg International Environmental Law Conference (HIELC) 2019. Sections of the text have been previously published in Oil, Gas and Energy Law (OGEL).


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