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Die Strategien der Fördersysteme zur Sicherung einer nachhaltigen Berglandwirtschaft in den Alpen auf Grundlage verschiedener Rechtsebenen

Stefan Ehl
Keywords: Berglandwirtschaft, Alpenkonvention, EU-Agrarfonds

The Alps have a high importance for European and worldwide biodiversity. Due to the small-scale coexistence of natural regions and anthropogenically created cultural landscapes, the Alps offer a large variety of habitats. However, this diversity is threatened by a number of factors; inter alia, there has been a change in the agricultural use of the alpine sites in recent decades. While modern and intensive forms of land use lead to an overuse of high-yield areas, regions that are difficult to access are becoming increasingly abandoned. Without a sustainable use, the agricultural habitats will be permanently destroyed and biological diversity will decline. In order to ensure an adapted form of mountain farming in the Alps, appropriate framework regulations and financial support systems for farmers are needed. This report presents the legal fundamentals for the preservation of this sustainable mountain farming at various levels of legislation; we examined international (Agenda 21 of the United Nations, Agreement on Agriculture of the World Trade Organization and in particular the Alpine Convention with the protocol Mountain Farming), European (Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union) and national respectively regional (German agricultural law and the support system of the federal state of Bavaria) regulatory frameworks.

Stefan Ehl, M.Sc. ist Doktorand im Fachbereich VI Biogeographie an der Universität Trier. Er war von 2014 bis 2016 in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Institut für Umwelt- und Technikrecht (IUTR) Kollegiat des interdisziplinären DFG-Graduiertenkollegs „Verbesserung von Normsetzung und Normanwendung im integrierten Umweltschutz durch rechts- und naturwissenschaftliche Kooperation“.


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