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Akzeptanzfähigkeit der digitalisierten Energiewende nach dem Messstellenbetriebsgesetz

Zwangsdigitalisierung, paternalistische Suffizienz und informationelle Selbstbestimmung

Ryan Kelly

Based on the legal requirements of the EU’s “Third Internal Market Package” the German legislation launches the Smart-Metering-Rollout regulated by the highly controversial “Smart Meters Operation Act” (MsbG). With the rollout of smart meters, Germany aims to implement one of the main European policy programs addressing the future energy network infrastructure needs in the context of a unified energy market in the Union. The application of smart meters holds the potential of reducing the demand for further grid extension – triggered by the advancing expansion of renewable energy sources – through the optimization of network control and operation. But to fulfil its promise the rollout must be governed in a socially acceptable form and within the boundaries of consumer protection. As this paper shows, the legally forced digitisation of the energy system highly restricts consumer autonomy based on a questionable cost-benefit-ratio and an inconsistent data regulation approach. Therefore, the legal regulation of the Smart-Metering-Rollout seems to undermine the political commitment towards the promotion of acceptance when applying new energy technologies. As the summarizing outlook indicates, the national smart metering approach not only fails to be regulated in an acceptable framework, but also raises doubts about its constitutionality, conformity with EU law and overall practicality.

Der Autor ist Mitarbeiter am Lehrstuhl für Rechtswissenschaft (Prof. Dr. Daniela Winkler) des Instituts für Volkswirtschaftslehre und Recht der Universität Stuttgart. Der Autor dankt Prof. Dr. Daniela Winkler und Dr. Marc Zeccola für die hilfreichen Anmerkungen zu dem Beitrag.


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